Che Guevara (1928-1967); real name Ernesto Guevara --
Latin American guerrilla leader and revolutionary theorist, who became
a hero to the New Left radicals of the 1960s.
Born in Argentina and trained as a physician,
Che Guevara became a military commander for
Fidel Castro from 1956 to 1959, during the
Cuban revolution. Guevara opposed United States
intervention in Latin American affairs and believed that only violent
revolution could remedy the
poverty of the masses. Guevara wrote two books about guerrilla warfare
and led guerrilla forces
in South American countries. He was captured and killed by Bolivian
troops while leading a
guerrilla band trying to overthrow the Bolivian government.
- Born into a middle-class family in Rosario,
- Received a medical degree from the University of Buenos Aires in 1953.
- Convinced that revolution was the only remedy for Latin America's
- Went to Mexico in 1954 to join exiled Cuban revolutionaries under
- In the late 1950s, he played an important role in Castro's guerrilla
war against Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.
- Served as Cuba's minister of industry (1961-1965) after Castro came
to power in........
A strong opponent of U.S. influence in the Third
World, he helped guide the Castro regime on its leftward and pro-Communist
path. The author of two books on guerrilla warfare, Guevara advocated
peasant-based revolutionary movements in the developing countries. He
disappeared from Cuba in 1965, reappearing the following year as an
insurgent leader in Bolivia. He was captured by the Bolivian army and
shot near Vallegrande on October 9, 1967.
Related terms: New Man Theory; revolutionary involvement