Independent States in the World


(As released by the Office of the Geographer and Global Issues, January 19, 2001)

Total count of Independent States:   191
*  Diplomatic relations with the United States
+ Member of United Nations
!   New change, since previous list

STATE
Short-form name Long-form name FIPS Code
(see note 2)
Capital
Afghanistan *+Islamic State of Afghanistan AFKabul
Albania *+Republic of AlbaniaALTirana
Algeria *+Democratic and Popular Republic of AlgeriaAGAlgiers
Andorra *+Principality of AndorraANAndorra la Vella
Angola *+Republic of AngolaAOLuanda
Antigua and
Barbuda *+
(no long-form name)ACSaint John's
Argentina *+Argentine RepublicARBuenos Aires
Armenia *+Republic of ArmeniaAMYerevan
Australia *+Commonwealth of AustraliaASCanberra
Austria *+Republic of AustriaAUVienna
Azerbaijan *+!Republic of AzerbaijanAJBaku
Bahamas, The *+Commonwealth
of The Bahamas
BFNassau
Bahrain *+State of BahrainBAManama
Bangladesh *+People's Republic
of Bangladesh
BGDhaka
Barbados *+(no long-form name)BBBridgetown
Belarus *+Republic of BelarusBOMinsk
Belgium *+Kingdom of BelgiumBEBrussels
Belize *+(no long-form name)BHBelmopan
Benin *+Republic of BeninBNPorto-Novo
Bhutan +Kingdom of BhutanBTThimphu
Bolivia *+Republic of BoliviaBLLa Paz (administrative)
Sucre (legislative/judiciary)
Bosnia and
Herzegovina *+
(no long-form name)BKSarajevo
Botswana *+ Republic of Botswana BC Gaborone
Brazil *+ Federative Republic of Brazil BR Brasília
Brunei *+Negara Brunei DarussalamBXBandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria *+Republic of BulgariaBUSofia
Burkina Faso *+Burkina FasoUVOuagadougou
Burma *+Union of BurmaBMRangoon
Burundi *+Republic of BurundiBYBujumbura
Cambodia *+Kingdom of CambodiaCBPhnom Penh
Cameroon *+Republic of CameroonCMYaoundé
Canada *+(no long-form name)CAOttawa
Cape Verde *+Republic of Cape VerdeCVPraia
Central
African Republic *+
Central African RepublicCTBangui
Chad *+Republic of ChadCDN'Djamena
Chile *+Republic of ChileCISantiago
China *+ (see note 3)People's Republic of ChinaCHBeijing
Colombia *+Republic of ColombiaCOBogotá
Comoros *+Federal Islamic Republic
of the Comoros
CNMoroni
Congo (Brazzaville) *+
(see note 4)
Republic of the CongoCFBrazzaville
Congo (Kinshasa) *+
(see note 4)
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
CGKinshasa
Costa Rica *+Republic of Costa RicaCSSan José
Côte d'Ivoire *+Republic of Côte d'IvoireIVYamoussoukro
Croatia *+Republic of CroatiaHRZagreb
Cuba +Republic of CubaCUHavana
Cyprus *+Republic of CyprusCYNicosia
Czech Republic *+Czech RepublicEZPrague
Denmark *+Kingdom of DenmarkDACopenhagen
Djibouti *+Republic of DjiboutiDJDjibouti
Dominica *+Commonwealth of DominicaDORoseau
Dominican Republic *+Dominican RepublicDRSanto Domingo
Ecuador *+Republic of EcuadorECQuito
Egypt *+Arab Republic of EgyptEGCairo
El Salvador *+Republic of El SalvadorESSan Salvador
Equatorial Guinea *+Republic of Equatorial GuineaEKMalabo
Eritrea *+State of EritreaERAsmara
Estonia *+Republic of EstoniaENTallinn
Ethiopia *+Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia
ETAddis Ababa
Fiji *+Republic of the
Fiji Islands
FJSuva
Finland *+Republic of FinlandFIHelsinki
France *+French RepublicFRParis
Gabon *+Gabonese RepublicGBLibreville
Gambia, The *+Republic of The GambiaGABanjul
Georgia *+!Republic of GeorgiaGGT'bilisi
Germany *+Federal Republic of GermanyGMBerlin
Ghana *+Republic of GhanaGHAccra
Greece *+Hellenic RepublicGRAthens
Grenada *+(no long-form name)GJSaint George's
Guatemala *+Republic of GuatemalaGTGuatemala
Guinea *+Republic of GuineaGVConakry
Guinea-Bissau *+Republic of Guinea-BissauPUBissau
Guyana *+Co-operative
Republic of Guyana
GYGeorgetown
Haiti *+Republic of HaitiHAPort-au-Prince
Holy See *Holy SeeVTVatican City
Honduras *+Republic of HondurasHOTegucigalpa
Hungary *+Republic of HungaryHUBudapest
Iceland *+Republic of IcelandICReykjavík
India *+Republic of IndiaINNew Delhi
Indonesia *+Republic of IndonesiaIDJakarta
Iran +Islamic Republic of IranIRTehran
Iraq +Republic of IraqIZBaghdad
Ireland *+(no long-form name)EIDublin
Israel *+State of IsraelIS(see note 5)
Italy *+Italian RepublicITRome
Jamaica *+(no long-form name)JMKingston
Japan *+(no long-form name)JATokyo
Jordan *+Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan
JOAmman
Kazakhstan *+Republic of KazakhstanKZAstana
Kenya *+Republic of KenyaKENairobi
Kiribati *+Republic of KiribatiKRTarawa
Korea, North +Democratic People's Republic of KoreaKNP'yongyang
Korea, South *+Republic of KoreaKSSeoul
Kuwait *+State of KuwaitKUKuwait
Kyrgyzstan *+Kyrgyz RepublicKGBishkek
Laos *+Lao People's
Democratic Republic
LAVientiane
Latvia *+Republic of LatviaLGRiga
Lebanon *+Lebanese RepublicLEBeirut
Lesotho *+Kingdom of LesothoLTMaseru
Liberia *+Republic of LiberiaLIMonrovia
Libya *+!Great Socialist People's
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
LYTripoli
Liechtenstein *+Principality of LiechtensteinLSVaduz
Lithuania *+Republic of LithuaniaLHVilnius
Luxembourg *+Grand Duchy of LuxembourgLULuxembourg
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of *+The Former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaMKSkopje
Madagascar *+Republic of MadagascarMAAntananarivo
Malawi *+Republic of MalawiMILilongwe
Malaysia *+(no long-form name)MYKuala Lumpur
Maldives *+Republic of MaldivesMVMale
Mali *+Republic of MaliMLBamako
Malta *+!Republic of MaltaMTValletta
Marshall Islands *+Republic of the
Marshall Islands
RMMajuro
Mauritania *+Islamic Republic
of Mauritania
MRNouakchott
Mauritius *+Republic of MauritiusMPPort Louis
Mexico *+United Mexican StatesMXMexico
Micronesia,
Federated States of *+
Federated States
of Micronesia
FMPalikir
Moldova *+Republic of MoldovaMDChisinau
Monaco *+Principality of MonacoMNMonaco
Mongolia *+(no long-form name)MGUlaanbaatar
Morocco *+Kingdom of MoroccoMORabat
Mozambique *+Republic of MozambiqueMZMaputo
Namibia *+Republic of NamibiaWAWindhoek
Nauru *+Republic of NauruNRYaren District
(no capital city)
Nepal *+Kingdom of NepalNPKathmandu
Netherlands *+Kingdom of the NetherlandsNLAmsterdam
The Hague (seat of gov't)
New Zealand *+(no long-form name)NZWellington
Nicaragua *+Republic of NicaraguaNUManagua
Niger *+Republic of NigerNGNiamey
Nigeria *+Federal Republic of NigeriaNIAbuja
Norway *+Kingdom of NorwayNOOslo
Oman *+Sultanate of OmanMUMuscat
Pakistan *+Islamic Republic of PakistanPKIslamabad
Palau *+Republic of PalauPSKoror
Panama *+Republic of PanamaPMPanama
Papua New Guinea *+Independent State
of Papua New Guinea
PPPort Moresby
Paraguay *+Republic of ParaguayPAAsunción
Peru *+Republic of PeruPELima
Philippines *+Republic of the PhilippinesRPManila
Poland *+Republic of PolandPLWarsaw
Portugal *+Portuguese RepublicPOLisbon
Qatar *+State of QatarQADoha
Romania *+(no long-form name)ROBucharest
Russia *+Russian FederationRSMoscow
Rwanda *+Rwandese RepublicRWKigali
Saint Kitts and Nevis *+Federation of Saint
Kitts and Nevis
SCBasseterre
Saint Lucia *+(no long-form name)STCastries
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines *+
(no long-form name)VCKingstown
Samoa *+Independent State of SamoaWSApia
San Marino *+Republic of San MarinoSMSan Marino
Sao Tome and Principe *+Democratic Republic of
Sao Tome and Principe
TPSão Tomé
Saudi Arabia *+Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaSARiyadh
Senegal *+Republic of SenegalSGDakar
Seychelles *+Republic of SeychellesSEVictoria
Sierra Leone *+Republic of Sierra LeoneSLFreetown
Singapore *+Republic of SingaporeSNSingapore
Slovakia *+Slovak RepublicLOBratislava
Slovenia *+Republic of SloveniaSILjubljana
Solomon Islands *+(no long-form name)BPHoniara
Somalia *+(no long-form name)SOMogadishu
South Africa *+Republic of South AfricaSFPretoria (administrative)
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judiciary)
Spain *+Kingdom of SpainSPMadrid
Sri Lanka *+Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka
CEColombo
!Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
Sudan *+Republic of the SudanSUKhartoum
Suriname *+Republic of SurinameNSParamaribo
Swaziland *+Kingdom of SwazilandWZMbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (legislative)
Sweden *+Kingdom of SwedenSWStockholm
Switzerland *Swiss ConfederationSZBern
Syria *+Syrian Arab RepublicSYDamascus
Tajikistan *+Republic of TajikistanTIDushanbe
Tanzania *+United Republic of TanzaniaTZDar es Salaam
Dodoma (legislative)
Thailand *+Kingdom of ThailandTHBangkok
Togo *+Togolese RepublicTOLomé
Tonga *+Kingdom of TongaTNNuku'alofa
Trinidad and Tobago *+Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago
TDPort-of-Spain
Tunisia *+Republic of TunisiaTSTunis
Turkey *+Republic of TurkeyTUAnkara
Turkmenistan *+(no long-form name)TXAshgabat
Tuvalu *(no long-form name)TVFunafuti
Uganda *+Republic of UgandaUGKampala
Ukraine *+(no long-form name)UPKiev
United Arab Emirates *+United Arab EmiratesTCAbu Dhabi
United Kingdom *+United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandUKLondon
United States +United States of AmericaUSWashington, DC
Uruguay *+Oriental Republic of UruguayUYMontevideo
Uzbekistan *+Republic of UzbekistanUZTashkent
Vanuatu *+Republic of VanuatuNHPort-Vila
Venezuela *+Bolivarian Republic of VenezuelaVECaracas
Vietnam *+Socialist Republic of VietnamVMHanoi
Yemen *+Republic of YemenYMSanaa
Yugoslavia *+Federal Republic of YugoslaviaYIBelgrade
Zambia *+Republic of ZambiaZALusaka
Zimbabwe *+Republic of ZimbabweZIHarare

OTHER
Short-form name Long-form name FIPS Code (see note 2) Capital
Taiwan (see note 6) (no long-form name) TW T'ai-pei


NOTES
Note 1:   In this listing, the term "independent state" refers to a people politically organized
into a sovereign state with a definite territory recognized as independent by the US.

Note 2:   Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4 codes.

Note 3:   With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the
US Government recognized the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government
of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that
Taiwan is part of China.

Note 4:   "Congo" is the official short-form name for both the Republic of the Congo and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo.   To distinguish one from the other, the U.S. Department
of State adds the capital in parentheses.   This practice is unofficial and provisional.

Note 5:   In 1950 the Israel Parliament proclaimed Jerusalem as the capital.   The US, like
most other countries that have embassies in Israel, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv.

Note 6:   Claimed by both the Government of the People's Republic of China and the authorities
on Taiwan.   Administered by the authorities on Taiwan. (see note 3)

Source:   Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research,
U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C.

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See also:
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Geographic Learning Site (GLS)
State Department Country Background Notes

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