Japans, Japanese, Japonais, Japanisch, Giapponese, Japon駸, Kanji, Hiragana, Katakana

source of this page: http://www.xs4all.nl/~wjsn/japanese.htm

charset=euc-jp [The preferred character set for this page is EUC-JP.]

Methods for displaying Japanese text in Internet Explorer ( Microsoft-based Web Browser):
- Microsoft Global IME.
with Microsoft Global IME you can input Chinese, Japanese, and Korean text into Web forms and e-mail messages on any language version of Windows 98, Windows 95, and Windows NT 4.0. And it's easy. Just launch any language version of Internet Explorer 4.0 or greater, Outlook Express 4.0 or greater, or Outlook 98 -- then select Global IME from the taskbar, and you can write the language you choose.

- MSGOTHIC
The Japanese support pack from Microsoft contains the MSGothic font, which is a "Shift-JIS" font. After installing, you can set the font encoding of your browser to this font. [ View > Encoding > Japanese (Shift-JIS) ] a.k.a "SJIS"

-more

The Japanese characters ressemble that of the Chinese. Look HERE for a first idea.
The Japanese characters are presented here by means of two methods. For one of the methods HTML-codes are used. For more information about the HTML-presentation you might look at this site . Also
pictures were used to present the Japanese characters.
First the socalled Japanese Alphabet is presented: the 81
Hiragana (1) Characters and after that also the 81 Katakana (2) Characters. The "loanwords" from foreign languages are written by means of Katakana charters.
Most characters on Japanese sites belong to the "Kanji" characters". Kanji consists of Chinese "pictures" that are based upon 214 "basic"-pictures. These are called "Radicals". Look for more information at: Nuthatch.com or at the picture with "radicals". The "funny characters" that you will have to use to make the radicals yourself are presented in an example . To construct Japanese characters like 日本 [ 日本 ] look at the information at this site or at this one.

At Japanese schools children learn 2000 characters - at the age of 12 they are familiair with the first 1000 characters. They are present at a list - published in 1996. That list is called the Joyo List (96).

In order to see the Japanese characters below, you will have to change the language of your internet browser into Japanese - Shift JIS ! [ Look at: Language Tips ]. If this does not work, you will have to download Japanese Fonts - look at the sites below.


Hiragana: 81 Japanese Characters



ga gi ge






?


(view jdict in netscape to get these characters)
Num-
bers
Latin-
char.
HTML
(Unicode)
numbers
iso-8859-1 render Image files
1 a (small) ぁ
2 a 12354
3 i 12355
4 i 12356
5 u 12357
6 u 12358
7 e 12359
8 e 12360
9 o 12361
10 o 12362
        KA
11 ka 12363
12 gha 12364
13 ki 12365
14 ghi 12366
15 ku 12367
16 ghu 12368
17 ke 12369
18 ghe 12370
19 ko 12371
20 gho 12372
        SA
21 sa 12373
22 za 12374
23 shi 12375
24 ji 12376
25 su 12377
26 zu 12378
27 se 12379
28 ze 12380
29 so 12381
30 zo 12382
Num-
bers
Latin-
char.
html-
nrs.
html-codes Pic-
tures
31 ta 12383
32 da 12384
33 chi 12385
34 dji 12386
35 tsu 12387
36 tsu 12388
37 su 12389
38 te 12390
39 de 12391
40 to 12392
41 do 12393
        NA
42 na 12394
43 ni 12395
44 nu 12396
45 ne 12397
46 no 12398
        HA
47 ha 12399
48 ba 12400
49 pa 12401
50 hi 12402
51 bi 12403
52 pi 12404
53 fu 12405
54 bu 12406
55 pu 12407
56 he 12408
57 be 12409
58 pe 12410
59 ho 12411
Num-
bers
Latin-
char.
html-
nrs.
html-codes Pic-
tures
60 bo 12412
61 po 12413
62 ma 12414
63 mi 12415
64 mu 12416
65 me 12417
66 mo 12418
67 ja 12419
68 ja 12420
69 ju 12421
70 ju 12422
71 jo 12423
72 jo 12424
73 ra 12425
74 ri ??? ???
75 ru 12427
76 re 12428
77 ro 12429
78 wa 12430
79 wa 12431
80 wo 12434
81 n 12435
Katakana: 81 Japanese Characters  
Latin char. Num-bers html-nrs. html-codes
a 1 12449
a 2 12450
i 3 12451
i 4 12452
u 5 12453
u 6 12454
e 7 12455
e 8 12456
o 9 12457
o 10 12458
ka 11 12459
gha 12 12460
ki 13 12461
ghi 14 12462
ku 15 12463
ghu 16 12464
ke 17 12465
ghe 18 12466
ko 19 12467
gho 20 12468
sa 21 12469
za 22 12470
sji 23 12471
zji 24 12472
su 25 12473
zu 26 12474
se 27 12475
Latin char. Num-bers html-nrs. html-codes
ze 28 12476
so 29 12477
zo 30 12478
ta 31 12479
da 32 12480
tsji 33 12481
dji 34 12482
tsu 35 12483
tsu 36 12484
du 37 12485
te 38 12486
de 39 12487
to 40 12488
do 41 12489
na 42 12490
ni 43 12491
nu 44 12492
ne 45 12493
no 46 12494
ha 47 12495
ba 48 12496
pa 49 12497
hi 50 12498
bi 51 12499
pi 52 12500
fu 53 12501
bu 54 12502
Latin char. Num-bers html-nrs. html-codes
pu 55 12503
he 56 12504
be 57 12505
pe 58 12506
ho 59 12507
bo 60 12508
po 61 12509
ma 62 12510
mi 63 12511
mu 64 12512
me 65 12513
mo 66 12514
ja 67 12515
ja 68 12516
ju 69 12517
ju 70 12518
jo 71 12519
jo 72 12520
ra 73 12521
ri 74 12531
ru 75 12523
re 76 12524
ro 77 12525
wa 78 12526
wa 79 12527
wo 80 12530
n 81 12531

 

Several examples are presented below. These characters all have a Chinese origin: they were introduced in the 15e century into the Japanese Language. We are talking about "Hiragana" here.

Voorbeelden in Hiragana / Examples: Hiragana words

Nederlands English Japanese
hier (NL) here (UK) ko-ko (JP)
goed (NL) good (UK) jo-i (JP)
montuur (NL) frame (UK) fu-tsji (JP)
waar (NL) where (UK) do-ko (JP)
daar (NL) there (UK) so-ko (JP)
wanneer (NL) when (UK) ie-tsu (JP)
hoe (NL) how (UK) do-u (JP)